MT PINATUBO CASE STUDY GCSE

This site uses cookies. The ash also damaged many land uses such as farming. The eruption removed so much magma and rock from below the volcano that the summit collapsed to form a large volcanic depression caldera 1. The first sign of an active volcano brewing occurred on June 16 th , when a magnitude 7. Alert systems and US Military helicopters were helpful in the evacuation. What they could have done. When Mount Pinatubo erupted in the Philippines June 15, , an estimated 20 million tons of sulphur dioxide and ash particles blasted more than 12 miles 20 km high into the atmosphere, causing widespread destruction and loss of life.

Although much equipment was successfully protected, structures on the two largest U. In order to prevent further impacts from the eruption, the organisations involved could set up permanent monitoring points or use satellite images to analyse changes in land movement and predict future volcanic eruptions at the site. This toll could have been a lot higher if it were not for volcano monitoring, proactive evacuation plans, and luck. Placed strategies for long term aid and disease control in evacuations prepared for. This damaged all the seven seismic stations. Alert systems and US Military helicopters were helpful in the evacuation. Thousands of roofs collapsed under the weight of ash made wet by heavy rains.

Powerful volcanic eruptions

What they could have done. Additionally, another Mount Pinatubo eruption in August killed 72 people. In order to prevent further impacts from the eruption, the organisations involved could set up permanent monitoring points or use satellite images to analyse changes in land movement and predict future volcanic eruptions at the site.

Thousands of small earthquakes occurred beneath Pinatubo throughout April, May and June in Although much equipment was successfully protected, structures on the two largest U. Commercial aircraft were warned about the hazard of the ash cloud from the June 15 eruption, and most avoided it.

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mt pinatubo case study gcse

Aboutpeople who evacuated from the lowlands surrounding Pinatubo before and during the eruptions have returned home but face continuing threats from lahars that have already buried numerous towns and villages.

Ash deposits from the eruption have also been remobilized by monsoon and typhoon rains to form giant mudflows of volcanic materials laharswhich have caused more destruction than the eruption itself.

This team contained Rick Hoblitt and Dave Harlow. Back to Main Page.

mt pinatubo case study gcse

Rice paddies and sugar-cane fields that have not been buried by lahars have recovered; those buried by lahars will be out of use for years to come. Remarkable sunrises and sunsets were visible around the globe in the years following the Mount Pinatubo eruption. It gcs in and had some catastrophic effects, both for the people of the Philippines and the USA air force at Clarke airbase.

Case Study 4 – Composite Volcano – Mount Pinatubo – Netherhall School GCSE Geography Case Studies

Farmland destroyed by falling ash and pumice, unusable for years, gccse harvest was destroyed andpeople lost their jobs.

It then resurfaces as the density of the molten magma becomes lower than that of the rock, and so it pushes it up through the small cracks and explodes out through a volcano. Fine ash fell as far away as the Indian Ocean, and satellites tracked the ash cloud around the globe. Facts about the Philippines: By continuing to use this website, gcsee agree to their use.

All of these massive impacts caused the team to completely evacuate the Clark Air Base. In andthe average temperature in the Northern Hemisphere was reduced 0. This website is designed to help students with their studies or simply to educate the interested reader about Geography. It is also nested in the central part of the Zambales Mountain Range, cse lies approximately 55 miles North West of the capital city Manilla in a complex of lava domes.

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Number of eruptions in 20 th Century: The Volcano is slightly offset from the plate pinatubbo as, when the Oceanic plate is subducted it is melted and forced away as molten magma by the high pressures exerted on it.

Global cooling caused by ash in the atmosphere of 0.

mt pinatubo case study gcse

Evacuation camps and Government shelters were built for those displaced. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here On June 12, the danger radius was extended to 30 kilometers The ash also damaged many land uses such as farming. A blanket of volcanic ash sand- and cade grains of volcanic minerals and glass and larger pumice lapilli frothy pebbles blanketed the countryside.

Houses and bridges destroyed and needed replacing and Manila airport had to be closed.

Textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing. You are commenting using your Google account. This was a sign that hot magma was pushing up against the surface, stretching and bulging the land above. Fine ash fell as far away as the Indian Ocean, and satellites tracked the ash cloud several times around the globe. Read these excellent stud study notes.

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