The main risks are to livestock through fluoride ingestion from volcanic ash on pasture. The nature of the volcanic hazard — type, frequency, magnitude. Some glaciers can be as high as 1km! Registration Forgot your password? Indeed, visibility was down to a few metres and local cattle farmers suffered. The mountain is a stratovolcano standing m tall and is fed by a magma chamber caused by the divergence of the Mid Atlantic Ridge.

In total, around million cubic metres of airborne tephra was ejected. The main risks were to soils and water courses. The other complicating factor is that the volcano is covered by the Eyjafjallajokul l glacier. Travelers stuck by the ash cloud were entitled to legal compensation from their airlines and their airlines were also legally responsible for the well-being of stranded passengers. These particles clog up the engines of aircraft that attempt to fly through them, and this is the reason for aviation disruption.

In addition, the EU has other transport mechanisms such as extensive road and motorway networks, rail networks including the Channel tunnel and boat networks which were particularly important for the transportation of food goods etc.

Volcanoes case study

It is one of many volcanoes on the island, the closest being Katla, a much more active and powerful volcano. The main risks were to soils and water courses. My presentations Profile Feedback Log out. Between March the 3 rd and 5 th of there were plenty of warning signs of an eruption, as there were over 3, recorded earthquakes, the vast majority of these being less than 2 on the Richter scale and only some large enough to be felt in nearby towns.

Hire car companies and other forms of transport Hiked their prices as people sought other ways to get home, on my way back from France I met people who had paid thousands of pounds to hire a car to get them to Northern France to take a ferry.

This was a problem because winds would have dispersed the cloud better. In total, around million cubic metres of airborne tephra was ejected. The plates are moving apart at a rate of 1cm to 5 cm per year.


MEDC Volcanic Eruption Case Study: Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland

That means that the countries affected by this hazard responded by themselves or collectively, and had the capacity to do so. The eruption affected farmers in the nearby area — ash fall made it very difficult to farm, and contaminated water supplies putting the health of farm animals at risk. It is the most southerly volcano on mainland Iceland before Surtsey in the sea to the south west. This fine grained ash poses a problem to airplanes, as it can affect many systems when it enters the engines and even turn to a glassy substance because of the heat of the jet engine.

This means that many of the countries have great capacity to cope in terms of making predictions and preparing alternatives for companies and people acse by the restrictions on air travel. Scientists were very concerned at the time of the eruption that this vilcano could be a precursor or warning sign of a much larger eruption of the historically more active and dangerous Katla.

MEDC Volcano Case Study: Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland

LEDCs were also badly affected, with Kenya being a great example. The ash contaminated local water supplies and farmers near the volcano were warned not to let their livestock drink from contaminated streams and water sources, as high concentrations of fluoride from the ash mixed voocano river water can have deadly effects, particularly in sheep.

If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Here, convection currents are driving apart the North American plate moving West and the Eurasian Plate moving East along a constructive or divergent plate boundary.

Some glaciers can be as high as 1km!

medc volcano case study iceland

The mountain is a stratovolcano standing m tall and is fed by a iceladn chamber caused by the divergence of the Mid Atlantic Ridge. It was also categorised as both a fissure and explosive eruption.


The London office gave information on ash which is based on information from the Icelandic Met Office. The name is a description of the characteristics of the volcano, namely Eyja meaning island; fjalla meaning mountain; and jokull meaning glacier. The tectonic setting for the Volcanic hazard. The major impact was Internationally however, as winds redistributed the ash that was pumped high into the atmosphere over Northern and western Europe and stopped flights from taking off.

Volcanoes CASE STUDY MEDC: Iceland – Mindmap in GCSE Geography

Auth with social network: Their actions also limited the impact in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to see if planes can fly in ash clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds. Indeed, visibility was down to a icelannd metres and local cattle farmers suffered.

The impact of the event social, economic, environmentalin the short and longer term Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: The location of the volcano — volfano below the Gulf Stream made it impossible to prevent travel disruptions, however cancelling flights may have prevented many deaths from aircraft failure.

Although the ifeland cloud was invisible to the naked eye, as it is made up of very fine particles studdy substances. The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption.

Animation of ash cloud spreading. There were many environmental impacts of this eruption, and scientists feared a climatic impact.

medc volcano case study iceland

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