It was flanked by two solitary columns of gray and red granite. The Tell Baalbek temple complex, fortified as the town’s citadel during the Middle Ages, [92] was constructed from local stone, mostly white granite and a rough white marble. It is reached by a monumental stairway. Outline Index Book Category Portal. The largest and most noble Roman temples ever built, they are also among the best preserved. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage.

The stairs on either side of the doorway may have had some ritual function. Under a white dome further towards town is the tomb of Kholat, daughter of Hussein and granddaughter of Ali, who died in Baalbek while Husayn’s family was being transported as prisoners to Damascus. The first time, he requested a written reply to his sealed and unopened question; he was favorably impressed by the god’s blank reply as his own paper had been empty. The tallest retaining wall, on the west, has a second course of monoliths containing the famous ” Three Stones ” Greek: Construction of the so-called temple of Bacchus was also started about this time. The Podium is built with some of the largest stone blocks ever hewn. The Great Omayyad Mosque.

Previous to its more recent western romantic appeal, especially nurtured by the 19th century British on the extended ‘Grand Tour’ it was fought over frequently and decisively during the Crusades. Thirty-three steps lead up to the entrance and the whole structure sits on a platform five meters high. Roof sculpture, supposedly of Mark Antony.


essay about baalbek castle

Ousted Kirkuk essxy detained in Beirut. Riyaq—Homs”Al Mashriq: Apparently challenged by sesay already huge pre-Roman construction, the early imperial Jupiter sanctuary shows both an architectural megalomaniac design and construction technique in the first half of the first century AD. It is vacant since decades, having had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting ranks Archi- or Episcopal at the time: When Christianity was declared an official religion of the Roman Empire in A.

It is reached by a monumental stairway.

The town became a battleground upon the rise of Christianity. The sherd featured cuneiform letters.

Travel & Tourism

Lebanon’s representative gave assurances that the committee’s wish would be honoured. Muslims from the surrounding area gathered, however, and entered the castle through a secret passageway shown to them by a local.

In French scholars undertook extensive research and restoration of the temples, esssay which was continued by the Lebanese Directorate General of Antiquities. During the Hellenistic period B. Coelesyria[35] shows castke of almost continual habitation over the last 8— years. Baalbeck’s temples were built on an ancient tell that goes back at least to the end of the third millennium B. It was constructed of stones from the neighboring temple of Mercury.

The first survey and restoration work at Baalbeck was begun by the German Archaeological Mission in Local influences are also seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design.


Places in Lebanon – Baalbak

Today the city, 85 kilometers from Beirut, is an important administrative and economic center in the northern Beqaa valley. The ruins of Baalbek facing west from the hexagonal forecourt in the 19th century.

Archaeological sites in Lebanon. The Temple of Bacchus.

Rulers of the Ayyubid dynasty. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Constructed during the first half of the 2nd century A.

B aalbeck, Lebanon’s greatest Roman treasure, can be counted among the wonders of the ancient world. The famous six columns of Baalbeck Lion’s head decoration. Wikivoyage has a esswy guide for Baalbek.

Sign up now and access the full breadth of The Daily Star content in minutes. Retrieved August 25, It is located in one of the drier regions of the country, giving it an average of mm of precipitation compared with mm in coastal baaalbek annually, overwhelmingly concentrated in the months from November to April.

essay about baalbek castle

Only part of the staircase remains of a fourth temple dedicated to Mercury, on Kheikh Abdallah hill. During the next centuries Baalbeck fell successively to the Omayyad, Abbasid, Toulounid, Fatimid and Ayyoubid dynasties. June page 6.

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